Hale Village

Located adjacent to Tottenham Hale tube station, the Hale Village mixed-use development provides 1,193 student accommodation units alongside 1,000 private and affordable residential units, a 132 bedroom hotel and substantial commercial space.

Initially brought on board by United House to install mechanical smoke ventilation systems for one of the development’s affordable housing blocks, Fire Design Solutions (FDS) was asked to install systems for a further two blocks, plus an underground car park that runs beneath the site. A further appointment by Willmott Dixon saw FDS take on work at two of the development’s ‘Pavilion’ private residential blocks.

Working with multiple clients and their architects, FDS installed three different systems within the development, consisting of natural and mechanical smoke ventilation systems and corridor environmental systems.

FDS was also required to design, supply, install and commission the car park smoke clearance system utilising a Thrust Ventilation system, carbon monoxide detection system, fire alarm system and attenuation. Once on site, FDS carried out assessments and tests to determine the smoke flow rate likely to be created from a two car fire, in line with British Standards for car parks (BS7346 Part 7). Using the data gathered, FDS’ specialists engineered a smaller venting system for the car park than was originally included in the designs. This was justified by demonstrating that the required 10 air changes per hour could still be achieved in the area affected by smoke.

The assessment and subsequent system design led to large reductions in the fan size needed, which in turn reduced the size of associated cables and controls, necessitating a smaller plant room. As a result of this space saving the end client was able to create more saleable car parking space whilst minimising costs. The works also saw FDS retrofit an existing fire alarm system to the car parking area.

As the work on site took place over the course of three years, the car park was handed over in stages. This introduced a challenge for FDS, as the areas of the car park which were completed earliest were situated next to sections that were still undergoing work. This issue was overcome through intelligent programming of the detection systems, and by disabling it in certain areas to ensure that the installed system was not affected by ongoing work.

In addition, Fire Design Solutions was awarded with the service and maintenance contract for the site.
For more information about this project please download the case study or contact us on 01322 387411 / email [email protected]

Fire Design Solutions (FDS) was called upon to apply its smoke ventilation design and installation experience on the prestigious site of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

The Athlete’s Village provided high quality accommodation to over 17,000 athletes participating in the summer games, before being converted into residential apartments for some of London’s key workers.

FDS designed, supplied, installed and commissioned mechanical smoke ventilation systems for a number of the village’s residential apartment buildings, the first such solution to meet the required approvals of the Athlete’s Village.

In addition, FDS installed an enhanced ventilation system in the site’s car parking areas. Incorporating an innovative hybrid natural and mechanical solution, the system provided extraction to remove day-to-day pollutants as well as smoke clearance in the event of fire.

Successfully completed on time, the fire protection systems installed by FDS achieved Building Regulations compliance within the client’s timescale.

Poised to be one of the most desirable addresses in Westminster, 10 Rochester Row is a seven storey residential scheme with basement car parking in the heart of the City. The prestigious development includes a total of 34 privately owned apartments ranging from large one-bedroom apartments to £multi-million, 2,000 ft2, three-bedroom duplex penthouses, all of which are arranged around a central atrium that provides a private courtyard for the scheme. The development also includes 21 social housing apartments. To address the fire safety needs of such a prestigious and high profile development, in particular those posed by the atrium, the developer enlisted the help of FDS to design and implement cutting edge fire safety systems.

The biggest challenge presented by the building was the large central atrium which made effective smoke venting essential but the architectural design meant that there was no available space to install fans for a venting system. Instead, an ETFE (Ethylene TetrafluoroEthylene Co-Polymer) foil roof was specified which had to be linked to the smoke detection system. This advanced roofing material is durable, provides excellent natural light levels and can burn away harmlessly and completely to open up the roof area as a large natural vent in the event of a fire. Using this technology and the company’s fire systems expertise, FDS integrated the ETFE roof with a sophisticated control system linked to smoke detectors which will activate heating elements in the roof, enabling it to burn away and open up the roof space in the event of a fire. As an essential part of the system design, the experienced FDS team also incorporated an innovative ‘triple knock’ activation system to ensure that the ETFE roof cannot be destroyed unnecessarily due to a false alarm.

Across the remainder of the scheme, FDS used the company’s creative approach to fire system design to enhance safety with the installation of:

  • A smoke extraction system in the basement car park
  • Automatically Opening Vents (AOV windows) integrated with the smoke detection system to provide smoke venting from the social housing apartments into the atrium
  • Individual smoke detection and fire alarm systems for the penthouse apartments

Thanks to FDS’s CFD modelling expertise, the company was able to demonstrate the effectiveness of the systems specified and the company carried out all design installation and commissioning of the fire systems at 10 Rochester Row, ensuring that the building received full building regulations approval and met the exacting standards expected by both the developer and future residents.

FDS were appointed as they have proven their expertise on a number of projects with Barratt Homes previously. As part of a collaborative effort to ensure the build deadlines were met, FDS overcame a number of fire safety challenges on this complex scheme in the centre of Westminster. This included developing solutions to overcome issues presented by the architecture of the building such as the central atrium which was addressed by specifying an ETFE foil roof linked to a sophisticated smoke detection system. FDS carried out the design, installation and commissioning of the fire systems, ensuring that the building received full fire service approval. Barratt Homes

For more information about this project please download the case study or contact us on 01322 387411 / email [email protected]

Part of a regeneration scheme to redevelop an existing housing estate in Edgware, Greater London, the Evolution project saw Barratt West London, the London Borough of Barnet and Family Mosaic Housing Association working together to deliver a 999 unit residential scheme.The development included a mix of private and social housing and the development team enlisted the expertise of FDS to design a turnkey package solution which included a fire strategy and the design and install of smoke venting systems.

Throughout the development there was a lack of natural ventilation so, using the company’s in depth understanding of fire engineering First Principles and its proven technologies, FDS addressed this issue by:

  • Installing two full smoke shaft extraction systems which provided mechanical smoke clearing for the taller blocks thanks to fans located on the roof
  • Designing an ambient airflow venting system for the taller blocks that utilised the mechanical smoke venting system to extract heat from the ceiling voids
  • Using CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) modelling to aid in the design of the smoke venting and ambient airflow venting systems and to demonstrate their effectiveness

In the basement car park, FDS worked with the design team to rationalise the basement venting requirements.

Thanks to the expertise and solutions-driven approach of FDS, the fire safety installation provided substantial value engineered savings, whilst offering high levels of safety.

For more information about this project please download the case study or contact us on 01322 387411 / email [email protected]

Kennington Park Square situated in South-East London is a Barratt development of 120 one- and two-bedroom apartments and private car parking. Due to the company’s significant track record in the residential sector, FDS was able to provide a total solution for a fan assisted smoke venting system and associated smoke detection system for the residential section of the building, along with a car park ventilation system in the underground car park. The team’s innovative fire engineering and fire safety systems expertise enabled the company to provide substantial value engineered savings by:

  • Significant cost savings in the materials and systems used
  • The removal of unnecessary sprinklers, vent ducts and fire shutters from the building design saving substantial building and materials costs
  • Cost minimisation because FDS was able to achieve a fast turnaround on quality solutions and provide seamless installation
  • Reduced smoke shaft sizes, allowing significantly more floor area and, therefore, higher value properties for the developer
  • Reduction of the fire rating of the ground floor slab from 4 hours to 2 hours he removal of fire shutters to all basement lobbies

In addition the FDS methodology also resulted in:

  • Improved design flexibility for the architect by reducing shaft sizes and removing sprinklers, vent ducts and fire shutters
  • Design assurance throughout the non-code based project thanks to a thorough understanding of the approving authorities and processes
  • Improved environmental credentials – the Impulse system installed in the car park removes cars’ carbon monoxide emissions from the immediate atmosphere, improved fire access and the fire service can gain access within 10m of a fire

By utilising FDS’s technically advanced CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) modelling techniques and working from fire engineering first principles, our experienced team was able to achieve these area and cost savings and other benefits whilst complying with Section 20 (London Building Act). The companyís innovative approach minimised building costs for the client and contractor, met their needs to maximise area in both the residential space and the car park, and improved design flexibility for the architect, whilst meeting and exceeding the requirements of building approval authorities. In addition, the project was completed within the agreed timescales, allowing FDS to maintain its enviable track record of zero missed deadlines.

The FDS developed Fan Assisted System (FAS) is proven to outperform standard code based systems, in the event of a fire it will rapidly remove smoke to aid the means of escape and provide clear access for fire fighting services. The Impulse system installed in the underground car park was designed to meet an enhanced smoke control standard as detailed under the BS7346 part 7. This enhanced standard met the needs of the fire service to all the removal of sprinklers under Section 20.

I would very much like to take this opportunity at thanking your Company for the help and co-operation extended by both your Operatives and Managers, during your subcontract works, of which helped to produce the successful conclusion of this award winning scheme. – Barratt Homes

For more information about this project please download the case study or contact us on 01322 387411 / email [email protected]

Situated around the historic dock just north of Chelsea Bridge, Grosvenor Waterside is a landmark residential development that comprises a series of exclusive apartments.

The new mixed use scheme provides over 600 studio, one, two and three bedroom apartments, and single and two storey penthouses with a range of amenities and services including fitness centre, spa, restaurant, retail suite, concierge and security services, and private underground parking. Surrounded by the picturesque scenery of tree lined promenades, the river and a city skyline, it is a prestigious place to be.

Fire Design Solutions designed, supplied and installed a comprehensive turnkey fire safety package. This included the company’s Fan Assisted Smoke Venting System (FAS) and impulse car park ventilation system.

Faced with a short timescale, Fire Design Solutions rationalised the original design on one of the blocks, using the existing 1.5m2 natural smoke shafts as the basis for the FAS, which was more cost effective. On other blocks, the engineered system’s efficiency allowed the number of smoke shafts to be halved and achieved significant cost savings over a natural concept.

For more information about this project please dowload the case study or contact us on 01322 387411 / email [email protected]

This new build residential accommodation block in Hackney, London, incorporates a number of retail units, a public library and basement car parking. It was the responsibility of Fire Design Solutions to design the fire safety strategy for the development in its entirety. This included a smoke detection and control system, and a corridor environmental system. Extensive understanding of fire engineering and system design with a value engineering approach realised a number of benefits for the Client, most prominently a value added saving in excess of £3.5 million.

This cost saving was achieved by:

  • Installing a higher standard of smoke venting system – a Fan Assisted Smoke Venting system (FAS) – which achieved extended travel distances enabling FDS to halve the number of stair cores and mechanical shafts required, and allowing cross-corridor doors to be kept to a minimum, resulting in significant cost savings
  • An enhanced smoke control system to the car park, permitting the removal of the sprinkler system and a corresponding cost recovery
  • Installation of manual smoke venting and BT Red Care System, which facilitated the removal of the sprinkler system to the retail units, resulting in value savings

In addition to the substantial cost savings, FDS were also able to provide:

  • An entirely seamless process via a thorough understanding of site construction issues, which also helped to facilitate a phased block-by-block handover
  • Total reliability and design assurance of compliance with Section 20 Building and Building Regulations
  • Increased habitable area in the accommodation block by enabling some corridor areas to be used for this purpose
  • The creation of an open staircase feature to the Duplexes by upgrading the fire detection system effectively, increasing the value of these properties
  • Reduction in the fire rating of the ground floor from 4 hours to 2 hours

These savings and other benefits were all fully justified via CFD modelling and the installation of higher grade systems; a result only achievable with a thorough understanding of fire engineering and an innovative approach. In addition, FDS maintained its uninterrupted track record of zero missed deadlines and 100% completion within budget.

Capital East is a new luxury development of waterside apartments and penthouses located at Royal Victoria Dock in East London. Nine buildings of heights varying from 9 to 18 floors provide one, two and three bedroom apartments. A three level car park extends below the buildings.

The residential buildings comprise a mix of naturally and mechanically ventilated lobbies, activated by an automatic smoke detection system. Fire Design Solutions designed and installed the venting systems and controls as well as the smoke detection system.

The underground car park includes three levels of car parking, each with an approximate floor size of 7,000m² and is ventilated by means of a thrust ventilation system which complies with ‘Approved Document F (ventilation)’ and ‘Approved Document B (fire safety)’ of the building regulations. The system was controlled environmentally by means of CO detection and in the event of fire, by means of heat detection. Fire Design Solutions (UK) designed, installed and commissioned all the systems.

For more information about this project please download the case study or contact us on 01322 387411 / email [email protected]

Standing on the bank of The Regents Canal, north London, The Lockhouse is a £30 million mixed use development, comprising two buildings – The Gate (five floors) and The Tower (eight floors).

The project combines modern offices, with a selection of 115 exclusive studios, apartments and penthouses. Set between the bars and restaurants of Camden Lock and the upmarket residential area of Primrose Hill, this cutting-edge new build sets a fresh standard for city living.

Following an extensive fire engineering consultancy by sister company, FDS Consult, Fire Design Solutions was appointed to design, install and commission a fully integrated turnkey fire and smoke safety package. The full scope of works included its Fan Assisted Smoke Venting System (FAS), AOV smoke detection, enhanced impulse car park ventilation and linked fire alarm systems.

For more information about this project please download the case study or contact us on 01322 387411 / email [email protected]

Loampit Vale, constructed by Barratt Homes, is an extensive regeneration scheme that will transform the centre of Lewisham. The £150 million scheme, delivered in partnership with the London Borough of Lewisham, will deliver a state-of-the-art leisure centre along with 788 mixed tenure homes, commercial units and a new cultural quarter. Due to the company’s significant track record, FDS was appointed to provide a total end-to-end solution for a fan assisted smoke venting system and associated smoke detection system for the residential common areas, along with a car park ventilation system.

FDS utilised an innovative approach to system design and installation to provide:

  • Significant cost savings in the materials and systems used as a result of FDS’s end-to-end service
  • Improved environmental credentials – the Impulse system installed in the car park removes cars’ carbon monoxide emissions.
  • A venting shaft schematic that maximises the space available, assisting in meeting architectural aspirations and justified by utilising FDS’s technically advanced CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) modelling techniques

For Block A the expert team from FDS designed a smoke venting system to serve all twelve storeys with fans fitted at roof level on the top of the shaft and a sliding smoke vent fitted at the head of the stair.

Meanwhile for Blocks B to D, the team designed an identical system, to serve eight, fourteen and nine storeys respectively, each with the same roof level fan and sliding door at the head of the stair.

For all of the four blocks the FDS team also used the company’s knowledge of fire risk and behaviours to design a smoke detection system and corridor environmental system, integrated with the fan-assisted smoke venting system and the building’s BMS (Building Management System). The mechanical smoke extraction system incorporated a smoke detection system in the common corridors which would activate the system automatically to operate on the affected level only.

The corridor environmental system was based on mechanical extraction of heat from the ceiling void into the smoke shafts using motorised dampers above the ceiling void that will be motored open whilst the environmental system is operational. This system is linked to both a timer and a thermostat ensuring that it is operational between the hours of 6am and 8pm during the summer and/or if the temperature reaches the pre-set threshold. Should smoke be detected in any level the environmental system would revert to the designed smoke ventilation system.

The FDS-developed fan assisted system is proven to outperform standard code-based systems: in the event of a fire it will rapidly remove smoke to aid the means of escape and protect the staircase for fire fighting services. The Impulse system installed in the underground car park removes air pollution and smoke via extract fans, providing more energy efficiency, space and cost savings than a traditional ducted system.

For more information about this project please download the case study or contact us on 01322 387411 / email [email protected]